Which term do we use to refer to a political and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs??

devry socs185 week 6

TCO 8) Back in 1900, it was common in the United States to consider people of these ancestries as “nonwhite.”

English, Scottish, or Welsh

Irish, Italian, or Jewish

French, German, or Swiss

Dutch, French, or Swede

Austrian, Norse, or Prussian

Question 2. Question : (TCO 8) Ethnicity refers to ______.

a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences

socially constructed categories based on cultural traits a society defines as important

a group whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant group

a collective that has reached very moral decisions about a way of life

all people from the same country

Question 3. Question : (TCO 6) The unequal treatment of various categories of people is known as

stereotyping.

ethnocentrism.

discrimination.

segregation.

active prejudice.

Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) The claim that defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application of

social distance research.

the iron law of oligarchy.

the Thomas theorem.

authoritarian personality theory.

exploitation theory.

Question 5. Question : (TCO 8) The barrier that is invisible, but which prevents women from rising beyond middle-management positions, is referred to as

the “glass ceiling.”

the “closed top.”

transparent discrimination.

the “ceiling of upper management.”

the “impermeable barrier.”

Question 6. Question : (TCO 8) _____ refers to social organization in which males dominate females.

Patriarchy

Matriarchy

Monarchy

Oligarchy

Fratriarchy

Question 7. Question : (TCO 8) Talcott Parsons explained that males tend to exhibit _____ behavior, while females are more _____.

instrumental; expressive

expressive; instrumental

egalitarian; hierarchical

rational; emotional

emotional; rational

Question 8. Question : (TCO 8) Which type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself?

Liberal feminism

Socialist feminism

Radical feminism

Moderate feminism

Libertarian feminism

Question 9. Question : (TCO 7) Comparing school performance, researchers have found that the most important cause of the achievement gap between rich and poor children is

differences in schools.

differences in home environments.

differences in personal ability.

differences in personal health.

differences in family composition.

Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) _____ and _____ theories explain that families perpetuate social inequality in U.S. society through inheritance of private property, encouraging patriarchy, and passing on racial and ethnic inequality.

Feminist; functionalist

Social-exchange; feminist

Social-exchange; interactionist

Global; internationalist

Feminist; social conflict

(TCO 3) When Mort Tality assisted in the death of his wife Fay, who was suffering from an incurable disease, he engaged in

Euthanasia.

Youthinasia.

Homicide.

Misdemeanour.

Kevorkianism.

Question 2. Question : (TCO 7) The term empty nest refers to

families whose children have grown and left home.

women who choose to remain single.

women who marry, but choose to remain childless.

egalitarian family structures.

couples who are unable to have a child.

Question 3. Question : (TCO 7) A religious organization that stands apart from the larger society is a _____, while a _____ is a religious organization that is largely outside a society’s cultural traditions.

church; sect

sect; cult

cult; church

denomination; cult

cult; sect

Question 4. Question : (TCO 7) According to Max Weber’s analysis of Protestantism and the rise of capitalism, which of the following statements is TRUE?

Protestantism held back the development of capitalism for years.

Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and averted a socialist revolution.

Protestantism even with its argument with the dominant Roman Catholic Church, still supported the economic status quo.

Protestantism stressed duty and hard work, boosting economic production and fostering the rise of capitalism.

Protestantism, with its conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, fostered social unrest, and a socialist revolution.

Question 5. Question : (TCO 3) Charter schools are

private schools that typically enroll high-income students.

public schools that have the freedom to try new programs and policies.

private schools that have a religious curriculum.

public schools that are run by private companies.

public schools established through a land grant charter.

Question 6. Question : (TCO 3) Following the social-conflict approach, patterns of health and illness are seen largely as a product of

technology.

how people define the situation they experience.

how culture defines health and illness.

a mobile society

social inequality.

Question 7. Question : (TCO 5) Which term do we use to refer to a political and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs??

Modernization

Socialism

Welfare capitalism

Capitalism

Communism

Question 8. Question : (TCO 5) In a capitalist economic system, justice amounts to

doing what is best for society’s poorest members.

everyone being more or less economically equal.

freedom of the marketplace allowing people to follow their self-interest.

no one going hungry.

little more than lip service.

Question 9. Question : (TCO 5) The Marxist political-economy model suggests that

power is no longer concentrated in the hands of a few.

an anti-democratic bias exists in the capitalist system.

power is widely dispersed throughout society.

many people do not vote because they are satisfied with the political system..

that the only justice in the halls of justice is in the halls.

Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) Which of Weber’s types of authority is also know as bureaucratic authority?

Egalitarian authority

Charismatic authority

Traditional authority

Rational-legal authority

Representative authority

 

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