According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s view of the global economic system, which type of nation is relatively independent of outside control? Student Answer: Core

Question 1. Question :

(TCO 1) The systematic study of human society is known as _____.

psychology

science

anthropology

sociology

social psychology

Question 2. Question :

(TCO 1) The study of the larger world and our society’s place in it is known as _____.

a social science perspective

a scientific perspective

a social psychological perspective

a sociological perspective

a global perspective

Question 3. Question :

(TCO 1) When Peter Berger characterized the sociological perspective as “seeing the general in the particular,” he meant that sociology allows us to _____.

recognize that society has the same effect on all categories of people

see that people in general are rather particular about their behaviors

make generalizations about individuals’ particular habits

see McArthur in his Jeep, Patton in his tank, or Bradley in his personnel carrier

look for general patterns in the behavior of particular people

Question 4. Question :

(TCO 3) Of the major theoretical theories in sociology, which one views society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change?

Social-solidarity paradigm

Social-conflict theory

Symbolic-interaction paradigm

Structural-functional paradigm

Symbolic-conflict paradigm

Question 5. Question :

(TCO 3) Functions of institutions that are open, stated, and conscious functions; that involve the intended, recognized consequences of any social pattern are known as _____.

Oktoberfest

manifest

latent

obvious

direct

Question 6. Question :

(TCO 2) Which is the term for a concept that has a value that changes from case to case?

Concept

Measurement

Changeling

Variable

Term

Question 7. Question :

(TCO 2) Independent variable is to dependent variable as _____.

blood is to water

effect is to cause

cause is to effect

variable is to constant

logic is to intuition

Question 8. Question :

(TCO 2) A relationship in which two (or more) variables change together is called _____.

a correlation

a variation

measurement congruence

a replication

an event horizon

Question 9. Question :

(TCO 2) What research method was used in Philip Zimbardo’s study, the “Stanford County Prison”?

Captive participant observation

Ethnographic field observation

An experiment

Participant observation

The hellgrammite method

Question 10. Question :

(TCO 2) A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it

says little about how individuals actually experience society.

wanted to colorize Casablanca.

ignores the influence of factors such as culture, class, gender, and race.

focuses too much on class.

paints a very positive picture of society.

5 of 5

page 2

(TCO 4) On the first day of basic training in the army, Pvt. N. Terprize has his civilian clothes replaced with army “greens,” has his hair shaved off, loses his privacy, and finds that he must use a communal bathroom and other people decide when he eats, sleeps, and what job he does. Erving Goffman would say that all these humiliating activities are part of _____.

a humiliation ceremony

impression management

the total institution

face-work

a deprivation ceremony

Question 2. Question :

(TCO 4) Other than perceiving the competing realities in a joke, what is sometimes involved in “getting” and enjoying a joke?

The joke must be universally funny.

The joke must be simple.

The audience must inferentially complete the joke in their minds.

The joke teller must explain the joke and provide more and more information until it is understood.

The listener must be able to tell a joke well in order to get a joke.

Question 3. Question :

(TCO 4) Which is the order of the stages of human development in Jean Piaget’s model?

Sensorimotor, preoperational, operational, and post operational

Preoperational, post operational, concrete operational, and formal operational

Sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational, and post operational

Formal operation, concrete operational, preoperational, and sensorimotor

Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational

Question 4. Question :

(TCO 4) Erving Goffman makes so many explicit parallels to the theater that his view has been termed _____.

Shakespearean

Theatrical

Stage Directions

Method Sociology

the Dramaturgical Approach

Question 5. Question :

(TCO 4) Shrimp merchant Sheldon Devane is the son of immigrants, and lives with his aunt and uncle while enrolled at a four-year university where he is studying to be a graphic artist. Which of the following is his achieved status?

Graphic artist

Male

Son

University student

Nephew

Question 6. Question :

(TCO 3) Taxi cab driver Peacup Andropov maintains that human behavior results from learning and has no gentic component. His position is the fundamental opposite of _____.

sociobiologists

G. H. Mead
interactionists

social paychologists

structural functionalists

Question 7. Question :

(TCO 3) Mashie Nibblet is a pro at a country club and loves to play golf, but hates to teach it to the country club members. Mashie is experiencing _____.

role conflict

role strain

role ambiguity

role exit

a handicap that, if not ironed out, would leave him feeling below par with a chip on his shoulder resulting in a stroke

Question 8. Question :

(TCO 3) Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance are _____.

folkways

mores

stateways

nationways

s’mores

Question 9. Question :

(TCO 3) Standards by which members of a culture assess desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living are referred to as _________, and ___________ are rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members.

values; norms

norms; values

values; symbols

language; norms

values; language

Question 10. Question :

(TCO 3) All of the following are theories of cultural, EXCEPT _____.

Structural-Functional

Social Conflict.

Anthropomorphic

Sociobiology

Feminist

devry socs185 week 4

CO 4) Statistician, Marge Innovera has been assigned a leadership role in her project management group. Given North American tradition, what type of leadership would she be expected to show?

Student Answer: Task group leadership

Secondary group leadership

Expressive leadership

Instrumental leadership

Autocratic leadership

Comments:

Question 2. Question : (TCO 4) Which statement reflects Georg Simmel’s understanding of the dyad?

Student Answer: She was one of the greatest marathon swimmers of all time and is a fine sports commentator.

There usually is less intense interaction in a dyad.

Dyads have the least potential for meaningful social bonds.

One member can act as a mediator if relations become strained.

Dyads are less stable than groups with many members.

Comments:

Question 3. Question : (TCO 4) Ross T. Farrian’s itinerary for the day is to first, go to school; second, visit a maximum-security prison with his criminology class; and third, to serve dinner at the community soup kitchen. Ross is visiting, in order, a _____, _____, and _____ organization.

Student Answer: normative, coercive, utilitarian

coercive, normative, utilitarian

utilitarian, coercive, normative

utilitarian, normative, coercive

normative, utilitarian, coercive

Comments:

Question 4. Question : (TCO 4) _____ feel they are trapped in the wrong body.

Student Answer: Hermaphrodites

Homosexuals

Transvestites

Transsexuals

Transylvanians

Comments:

Question 5. Question : (TCO 4) Which statement is true concerning intersexual people?

Student Answer: They are sexually attracted to both sexes.

They are attracted to neither sex.

They have both female and male characteristics.

They have no gender.

They are in the middle of gender reassignment surgery.

Comments:

Question 6. Question : (TCO 6) Pat Rearc argues that without norms controlling sexual behavior and thus giving the forces of sexual passion free reign, family life and the raising of children would be threatened. To which paradigm would Pat be aligned?

Student Answer: Structural Functional Theory

Symbolic Interaction Theory

Social Conflict Theory

Queer Theory

Exchange Theory

Comments:

Question 7. Question : (TCO 6) Emile Durkheim proposed several functions of deviance. Which of the following is NOT one of them?

Student Answer: Deviance affirms cultural values and norms.

Deviance provides employment for a large segment of the work force.

Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries.

Deviance encourages social change.

Deviance promotes social unity.

Comments:

Question 8. Question : (TCO 6) Travis Hirschi’s approach to deviance and control proposes that

Student Answer: Hirschi is a deviant spelling of Hershey.

deviance results from differential access to wealth.

deviance is a frustration of ambition.

individualism inhibits the deviance.

everyone finds at least some deviance tempting.

Comments:

Question 9. Question : (TCO 6) There are four basic reasons to punish: moral vengeance, reforming the offender, discourage criminality, and render the offender incapable of further offenses. The terms for these are in order:

Student Answer: retribution, social protection, rehabilitation and deterrence.

deterrence, retribution, social protection, and rehabilitation.

social protection, deterrence, retribution, and rehabilitation

retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and social protection.

deterrence, social protection, retribution, and rehabilitation.

Comments:

Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) In France during the Middle Ages, the third estate, second estate, and first estate refer respectively to

Student Answer: nobility, high clergy, and commoner.

high clergy, nobility, and commoner.

commoner, high clergy, and nobility.

commoner, nobility, and high clergy.

high clergy, commoner, and nobility

(TCO 3) Kuznet’s curve suggests that

Student Answer: it could be an effective pitch for the veteran who is starting to lose a little something on his fast ball.

industrial societies will, in the longer run, remain unchanged.

industrial societies tend to become less stratified than agrarian societies.

as human technological sophistication has increased, social stratification has decreased.

industrialization and social stratification are unrelated.

Comments:

Question 2. Question : (TCO 3) _____ is the term for earnings from work or investments and _____ is the term for the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts.

Student Answer: Income; personal property

Profit; income

Wealth; income

Income; wealth

Rent; net worth

Comments:

Question 3. Question : (TCO 3) Which theory of poverty blames poverty on the shortcomings of the poor themselves?

Student Answer: Individual responsibility theory

Personal chioce theory

Social forces theory

Culture of poverty theory

Legacy or poverty theory

Comments:

Question 4. Question : (TCO 5) Which of the following did Max Weber suggest were analytically distinct components of stratification?

Student Answer: Conformity, deviance, and social control

Power, prestige, and position

Class, caste, and age

Class, prestige, and esteem

Class, status, and power

Comments:

Question 5. Question : (TCO 4) Accounts Payable Administrator Imelda Czechs works for a small international corporation. This category of work can be described as _____

Student Answer: blue-collar work.

white-collar work.

pink-collar work.

fur collar work.

no-collar work.

Comments:

Question 6. Question : (TCO 4) Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to cover their debts?

Student Answer: Chattel slavery

Child slavery

Debt bondage

Debit slavery

Revolving credit slavery

Comments:

Question 7. Question : (TCO 4) Which of the following gives the correct order of stages of modernization according to W. W. Rostow?

Student Answer: High mass consumption, traditional, drive to technological maturity, and take-off

Traditional, drive to technological maturity, take-off, and high mass consumption

High mass consumption, traditional, take-off, and drive to technological maturity

Traditional, take-off, drive to technological maturity, and high mass consumption

Take-off, drive to traditional maturity, technological, and consume mass quantities

Comments:

Question 8. Question : (TCO 4) Andre Gunder Frank states that poor nations

Student Answer: are responsible for their own poverty.

were “underdeveloped,” or made poor, by rich nations.

suffer from traditional culture.

need to gain more productive technology.

can be helped with the investment of multinational corporations.

Comments:

Question 9. Question : (TCO 4) According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s view of the global economic system, which type of nation is relatively independent of outside control?

Student Answer: Core

Periphery

Semiperiphery

Marginality

Tertiary

Comments:

Question 10. Question : (TCO 5) While modernization theory focuses on _____, dependency theory focuses on _____.

Student Answer: poor nations; rich nations

distribution of wealth; production of wealth

production of wealth; distribution of wealth

culture; economics

multinationals; self-reliance

 

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