Qualitative Research in Nursing Practice
Which method of research provides the best evidence for nursing practice? Is there a place for both quantitative and qualitative research in evidence-based practice? How do these research methods improve patient outcomes?
Return to and reflect on your thoughts and postings from Week 1’s Discussion on the respective characteristics, strengths, and limitations of quantitative and qualitative research. Consider the uses of each type of research in the health care field. Also reflect on the amount of quantitative versus qualitative research that exists in the health care field in particular. There is an impression among some researchers that qualitative research is inferior to, easier than, or not as rigorous as quantitative research.
In this Discussion, you consider the idea of rigor, or thoroughness and scope of study, with regard to qualitative research. You examine the methods of qualitative research outlined and recommended in this week’s Learning Resources and how they aim to create standards of rigor by which to assess qualitative studies. You also have the opportunity to assess an article of your choice in terms of rigor and recommended methods of qualitative data collection.
Consider your readings about and understanding of quantitative and qualitative research. If you had to choose, which type of research (quantitative or qualitative) do you think is more rigorous and why? Do you think it is useful to make such generalizations and comparisons?
Locate an article describing a qualitative research study related to a health care topic (see attached PDF).
Formulate a research question to address the problem and that would lead you to employ correlational statistics.
With information from the Learning Resources in mind, critically analyze your selected study. Ask yourself: How rigorous was the study in terms of the researchers’ efforts, the data collected, and the conclusions drawn? What might the researchers have done to improve the rigor?
By tomorrow Tuesday October 31, 2017 by 8 pm, write a minimum of 550 words essay in APA format with at least 3 references. Include the level one headings as numbered below:
Post a cohesive response that addresses the following:
1) Do you think there is one type of research (quantitative or qualitative) that is inherently more rigorous than the other? If so, identify which one and why. If not, discuss your reasoning.
2) Post a brief summary of your research article analysis and the correct APA citation for the article (See attached PDF).
3) Outline how the study’s qualitative data collection and analysis did, or did not, promote rigor, provide scientific or systematic scaffolding, and/or generate a more thorough analysis of the research topic.
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2011). Research methods for evidence-based practice: Qualitative research. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 9 minutes.
In this week’s video, the presenter discusses the purpose of qualitative research and explains how it differs from, yet complements, quantitative research.
Maidment, I. D., Aston, L., Moutela, T., Fox, C. G., & Hilton, A. (2017). A qualitative study exploring medication management in people with dementia living in the community and the potential role of the community pharmacist. Health Expectations, 20(5), 929-942. doi:10.1111/hex.12534 (See Attached PDF Article Citation)
Gray, J.R., Grove, S.K., & Sutherland, S. (2017). Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.
Chapter 12, “Qualitative Research Methods” (pp. 251-274)
This section of Chapter 12 details key qualitative research data collection and analysis methods.
Bradley, E. H., Curry, L. A., & Devers, K. J. (2007). Qualitative data analysis for health services research: Developing taxonomy, themes, and theory. Health Services Research, 42(4), 1758–1772. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2006.00684.x
This article outlines practical approaches to qualitative data with a specific emphasis on methods useful for generating taxonomy, themes, and theory with regard to the health care field.
Smith, J., & Firth, J. (2011). Qualitative data analysis: The framework approach. Nurse Researcher, 18(2), 52–62.
This article outlines the framework approach to qualitative data, in which researchers follow detailed objectives and goals to collect and manage data. This approach is in direct contrast to inductive approaches, including grounded theory, which allows for a more fluid qualitative research process governed by the nature of the data.
Lockwood, C. (2008). Cochrane qualitative research methods group. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4). http://ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=chh&AN=CE000142&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Nicholls, D. (2009). Qualitative research: Part three—Methods. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 16(12), 638–647.
Taylor-Powell, E., & Renner, M. (2003). Analyzing qualitative data. University of Wisconsin-Extension, Cooperative Extension. Retrieved from http://learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/g3658-12.pdf
Vander Putten, J., & Nolen, A. (2010). Comparing results from constant comparative and computer software methods: A reflection about qualitative data analysis. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 5(2), 99–112.
Walden University. (n.d.). Collecting qualitative data. Retrieved August 1, 2011, from http://streaming.waldenu.edu/hdp/researchtutorials/educ8106_player/educ8106_collecting_qualitative_data.html
Walden University. (n.d.). Analyzing and interpreting qualitative data. Retrieved August 1, 2011, from http://streaming.waldenu.edu/hdp/researchtutorials/educ8106_player/educ8106_analyzing_and_interpreting_qualitative_data.html